tv BBC World News America PBS July 18, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT
and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from london. thousands protest in moscow after a key critic of vladimir putin is sent to prison. root of humanadly trafficking, we have a special report from inside of yemen. south africa celebrates nelson mandela's 95th birthday by taking out his message service.
welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. thousands of russians have taken to the streets of moscow to protest against the jailing of a leading opposition activist. he was found guilty of embezzlement and sentenced to five years in prison. he denies any wrongdoing. even mikael gorbachev has joined the u.s. and european countries in criticizing the verdict. >> impromptu protest outside of the kremlin and an air of her belly and as people face down hundreds of trial police -- face down hundreds of riot police. the man who had given them hope is tonight sitting in prison. tonight, this side of the kremlin is ringed by riot police. these are the people that are
protecting it. moscow's middle classes are enraged by the jailing of "bbc world news america" -- by the jailing of alexei navalny. once he became a significant opposition leader last year him and he suddenly found himself accused of stealing from a state owned timber company. today, a judge found him guilty and sentenced him to five years and a penal colony. handcuffs.away in his supporters said it was a travesty of justice. this isis not a judge, just a guy who made a statement which he got from the kremlin. >> speaking to me when the trial began, alexei navalny complained that the jailing the opponents like him was one of the few options left to the government. >> the television propaganda is no longer working. internet coverage is spreading.
one of the few remaining controls is jailing of political enemies. >> it was last years street street protests which shook the government. one of thelny was most energetic leaders to emerge. last week, he started his campaign to become the mayor of his wife and children will now be visiting him in jail. her mental trials are a resurgent form of political control. rightst, there was the trial, then the trial with an empty docket. russia, aspiring politicians need to be whiter than white.
>> if someone wants to steal ,oney and to go to the squares it is very good to be a russian president. >> the man who is the focus of president newton, was branded a thief by alexei navalny. putin, was branded a thief by alexei navalny. >> for more on this verdict, i with a representative of the woodrow wilson center. will jailing alexei navalny effectively squash local opposition to president putin? >> by no means. if he goes to jail, there is some question as to whether he will go. he becomes a classical russian political dissident. it really raises his status.
there was one who went from being a widely hated and seen with suspicion oligarch figure two now being a political putin could be making his worst nightmare. he will be energized, he will be angry. >> are you hearing that there is a chance he does not go to prison? what's the latest information i have heard is that the prosecution has asked that .ending it means that he does not get incarcerated yet. we don't know how long the first appeal process could take. ascould remain on the roles a candidate for mayor of moscow. is the impact
international impact. kindwill this have on the of things the kremlin is doing? what's the obvious dimension is that it provides a little bit of support, a little buoyancy for the crowds that are pouring out into the streets. the numbers we have seen so far are single digits at most. on the other side, he has never really sought association with or support from the traditional kind of russia democracy folks in the west. he does not want to be seen as a western project or a tool of america. russian politics more broadly. one of the reasons that the tenor has changed is the perception of cutin personally and a lot of people around him.
he is concerned that they are trying to launch a counterrevolution in moscow. atlet's get a quick look news around the world. detroit became the largest u.s. city in history to file for bankruptcy. once the fourth largest urban center, the population has shrunk dramatically due to a number of factors including a blow to the auto industry. now a federal judge will decide whether to place detroit under bankruptcy protection. in his first speech as the the interimident, reverse thented to chaos. he says that they believe in peace and extended his hand it to else who wanted to do that. the top u.s. military officer has told a senate panel that the obama administration is
considering whether to use military power in syria. he said he has provided presiden barack obama with options for the use of force. the conflict there is injuring its third year and has killed almost 93,000 people. -- is entering its third year and has killed almost 93,000 people. thousands ofying dollars to be smuggled out of the country into saudi arabia from yemen. for many, the journey ends in torture and rape. each year, 80,000 ethiopians try yemen.s first, they travel over land to djibouti where they pay smugglers to take them across the red sea to yemen. a border town.o we have been to investigate their stories. you might find some of these distressing. >> this is the undertaker.
this is a smuggling town on the border with saudi arabia and yemen. or centuries, the town has thrived on gunrunning and the drugs smuggling. bearing a european migrant found dead at the border. thousands of ethiopians, sure every month in yemen hoping to cross into saudi arabia and find work. this man is a people trafficker. he ferries migrants across the sea. he will make $300 per migrant from the trip from africa to yemen. he missed a a cut of that to the military.
in yemen, people trafficking is big business. we have heard repeated stories of soldiers working with people trafficker's. when theyre robbed come ashore and some are sold through criminal gangs. the gangs run water called torture camps. -- what are called torture camps. brutal story is common. thousands of ethiopian migrants are being kidnapped and beaten and their families must pay a ransom to release them. his father was told to wire $250. he did not have the money.
we found him at this refugee camp. we also found esther. she is 17. she walked 300 miles from ethiopia to djibouti. there, she paid the traffickers to ferry her to yemen. she and her friends were picked up by kidnappers. she was too ashamed to call her parents and ask for money, so she was raped every day for three months.
i asked her who the men were who took her. this girl is 16. she said that you many soldiers sold her to a torture camp where she was raped every day, often by many men. >> do you know how much money you are sold for? i spoke to some of the people who run this camp and they say they have heard other stories like this. military fatigues capture women, sold them to rapists, and in some cases rape them themselves. there are at least 200 torture camps in this part of yemen alone. offers us safe --
is to visit one. one of the soldiers accompanies us for our own safety. inside, there are five men. i asked them if they had been abused. i ask if they had tried to escape. we then went to a small room at the edge of the compound. the soldier said this is where they take the women. he says what is going on behind the door could be forbidden. >> we have just been told that the room here is what the torturers use for rape.
you can hear the sounds of a man and a woman in the room. a man appears with a pistol on his belt. he is the owner of the camp. this torture exists in this camp? are there any women in this farm? >> we are escorted out. we told the police officer what we saw. the next day, all of the migrants in the camp were released. still, they come. 40,000 migrants have arrived this year already. migrants will face extortions, beating, and rape. and this man will continue to bury the dead. >> extraordinary and very disturbing story.
as they start hearing the stories of what is happening back in ethiopia, do they still want to try and make this journey? >> that is incredible because international organization for migration is now attempting to encourage people who are going back, who are being repatriated. unfortunately in the last three years, there has been a huge influx of migrant workers coming from that part of the world, specially from ethiopia. you might have a better house or a car. that is what they are selling to these people. minds, ways, in their they think it will never happen. >> you managed to get one group of people rescued from a torture camp, but what happened
to the others? then the last 18 months, police have done a number of raids on the torture camp and they said that 1600 ethiopians were rescued. they did not know what to do with them. these people are then desperate. in many ways, the ethiopian help them. not the international organization of immigration must do with this problem. >> you are watching "bbc world news america" , still to come. i take to the streets of london where the world is awaiting the announcement of the royal birth. we find out what the oddsmakers are saying. -- e were the judge in the trial of bradley manning has ruled that
he should face the most serious charge against him. >> another day at court for bradley manning. it 25-year-old army private admits that he uploaded more than 700,000 diplomatic cables and the u.s. military documents to the wikileaks website. pretty guilty to these accounts. the defense say that that was not his intention. ,n a highly anticipated ruling the judge refused to throw out the most contentious charge that bradley manning faces which is aiding the enemy. she said that the way he planned and prepared for the leak gave
the government a case to fight. if he is found guilty, he faces life in prison. all of this comes as attention in government whistleblowers is back on the news. was decided in the case, this implications. >> if you have a problem with the u.s. government's use of that classified information, you can use appropriate channels if you would like to raise an issue. >> he leaked the information to have a change in policy. as his trial comes to a close, .any will be watching >> nelson mandela still in the
hospital with a serious lung infection, but today was a day for celebration. , the day wasuntry marked with festivities and a challenge for everyone to spend .7 minutes doing public service birthday wishes for a remarkably resilient man. in south africa marking this occasion. many did not expect to be celebrating nelson mandela's 95th. outside of the hospital, a special guard of honor. on life-la has been support, dangerously dangerously frail for six weeks now. after seeingrful
him today, his relatives told me that he was improving. >> he is improving. he is improving significantly. he could be able to watch tv. >> he can sit up and he is aware? how soon before he might go home. hopefully it should get better. >> the family was keen to present a united image. they have been feuding about where he should be buried. the brand could be damaged. >> i don't think so. the legacy still exists. i think that that would never
be changed. greeted withay is enormous relief. it has also created something close to a frenzy of goodwill. the puppets shows by the police, desmondr the elderly, tutu lending a hand. a grateful nation honors nelson mandela once more. >> a challenge of service. speaking of birthdays, any day now, the next royal air will be born here in britain. sometimes it seems that the whole world is waiting. themselves brits make of it? i took a trip run london to find out. there is a lot of attention
surrounding this baby but we don't know what they are thinking inside of the palace right now. to do this, there is really no better place to start than with the london taxi. what are they saying about this? >> the indigenous population, not a lot to be honest. >> is anyone talking about it? >> it is mostly tourists, really. americans are interested in the whole royal family. when it something like this happens, yes, they want to know. >> are you saying that americans are more interested than we are? >> it seems so. >> today's actually my birthday
birthday. if she could give birth to me, -- give birth today, it would be great. i would go up for tsc asks. >> we are from seattle, washington. are you hoping to see the baby? >> absolutely. >> i am not finding very many brits in this crowd. you willone place find brits talking about of this royal baby and that is the betting shop. onts like to take bets everything and the royal air is no exception. this so, is this good business? the biggest novelty betting event we have seen ever, basically. our records have gone back 30 years and this has really caught the public imagination.
gender,t to know the the name, what kind of hair it is, who the godparents will be. this has increased from 20,000 at the start of july. that is how much people love that in on the royal baby. >> the rest of us will just have to sit and wait. no one more so that the women at the center of all this attention, kate herself. ,ith the heat here in london she must be longing for that. but they give you a quick update on the odds. it will be a girl, the likely name will be alexandra. there is one name on there that surprised me and that is that people are taking bets on the name louis. i don't see it. i don't see it. that sounds like a french king. you can find much more on the website. from all of us here, thank you
so much for watching. do tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news -- at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions.
to the enchanted garden to pick fruit. and then, we're going to help my dad build a playhouse. we have a lot to do today. i'm glad you're here. be right back! is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations. dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you.
♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ would you be mine, could you be mine ♪ ♪ won't you be my neighbor? - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ - hi, neighbor! today is fruit picking day! i hope we get to pick strawberries. do you like strawberries?
they are my favorite fruit. - hi, daniel! are you excited to pick fruit for the whole neighborhood? - yes! i can't wait! - me neither. - hi, trolley! - hello, trolley. here we go. - trolley, please take us to the enchanted garden for fruit picking day. you're going to love it. - ♪ we're going to the enchanted garden ♪ ♪ to pick some fruit won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along! won't you ride along with me? ♪ - here we are! - thanks, trolley! - bye, trolley! - i can open the garden door, dad. i just have to press 3 red roses. count with me! one... two... three! whoa! amazing! hi, miss elaina. your fruit hat looks yummy! - thanks, toots! it's got my faaaavorite fruit on it!